Shiraz, the old city of Persian poetry and literature was home to numerous great Persian poets, among all Saadi and Hafez are considered as the important ones and their tombs Saadieh and Hafezieh are perfect places for literature lovers. Visiting their tombs is a highlight of every trip to Iran.

 

Tomb of Saadi Shirazi (Saadiyeh)

 

Monument Name

Saadieh, Tomb of Sa’di, آرامگاه سعدی

Contact No. +98(0)7137302300
Monument Category Tomb Garden Website N/A
City Shiraz Coordinates 29°37′21.10″N 52°34′59.30″E
sheikh saadi real name in urdu
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Saadi Shirazi, the great Persian poet of the 13th century was born in Shiraz. Saadieh or the tomb of Saadi is a perfect place for literature and art lovers. Going back into history, during this Persian poet’s life, the current place of the mausoleum was a monastery for him and his companions. The stunning building is a combination of old and new architecture styles placed in a beautiful tranquillizing garden in commemoration of him. The mausoleum is located inside an octagon decorated with pieces of Saadi’s works and turquoise tiles.

When the name of a historical place comes up, the word fun seems a little strange but in Saadi’s mausoleum, it is different. You will be immersed in the mystical and calm atmosphere and have fun there when walking in the pleasant garden.

To reach the tomb of Saadi, you have to go through the middle of a garden that is adorned with trees and plants that refreshes your soul.
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To reach the tomb of this great poet, you have to go through the middle of a garden that is adorned with trees and plants that refreshes your soul. There you will fall in love with poetry and like to read or listen to his Persian or translated poems. The soothing atmosphere attracts the lovers of the great Saadi every year. In 1975, the tomb of Saadi Shirazi was registered as a national monument.

Of course, sightseeing in Shiraz without paying a visit to Saadi’s tomb will be incomplete. Check out tour to tomb of Saadi with the most professional local guides who know Persian literature well.

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You may also like to Read: The easiest way to get Iran Visa to visit Tomb of Sa’di

Who was Saadi Shirazi?

Moshref o-din Mosleh Shirazi, known as Saadi Shirazi, was a powerful Iranian poet and writer of the 13th century.Moshref o-din Mosleh Shirazi, known as Saadi Shirazi, was a powerful Iranian poet and writer of the 13th century. He was the author of Bustan and Gulistan books, former in verse and latter in prose which are significant works of Iranian literature. Saadi is also known as the master of ethics in Persian culture. In his works, he tried to condemn greed, usury, hypocrisy, lust and corruption.

Saadi was born in Shiraz. As a child, he went to school with great interest and learned research, religion and knowledge. The unsettled political situation in Iran forced Saadi, who had no choice to acquire knowledge, to leave Shiraz. His travels started to various cities in the Middle East, India, Egypt and North Africa started and lasted thirty years.

 

Saadi as a traveler

Saadi began his travels in his 20s with his first trip to Baghdad. His trips continued for thirty years.
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Saadi began his travels in his 20s with his first trip to Baghdad. His trips continued for thirty years. As well as learning immeasurable during his trips, he also suffered a lot during his travels.

As mentioned in Gulistan he was passing the Grand Mosque of Kufa in bare feet with no shoes when saw a person who had no legs; he thanked God for the blessing and waited to gather the price of a shoe. Somewhere else he mentioned that during the Crusades, he was captured by Crusaders at Acre where he spent seven years as a slave digging trenches outside its fortress.

This great poet considered faith as a consolation and came to the conclusion that love and friendship are the best way to heal the wounds of life.

 

The architecture of the Saadi Tomb

After Saadi's death, a tomb was built for this famous poet and throughout history, it has been destroyed and renovated many times.
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After Saadi’s death, a tomb was built for this famous poet and throughout history, it has been destroyed and renovated many times. The current mausoleum was designed and built by the architect Mohsen Foroughi in 1951.

The main structure is about 257 square meters located in a large garden that transfers a poetic atmosphere when exploring. The exterior is made of travertine and the interior is made of marble. The main building of the tomb has two porches perpendicular to each other, and the tomb is located at the corner of these two porches. The tomb building is decorated with white stone and tiles with 8 columns of brown stones. The columns and the porch are made of red granite and the foundation stones are black. The mausoleum is in the shape of a cube from the outside but when you go inside it is an octagon with marble walls and an azure dome.

Next to Saadi’s tomb is the graves of a number of other great Shirazi elites of culture and art.

Let’s introduce some parts of this mausoleum:

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Entrance

Tomb of Saadi ShiraziThe entrance door of Saadieh was designed by the famous French artist Andre Godard who also designed the tomb of Hafez. In the design of Saadi’s tomb, Iranian architectural elements such as porches and domes are elegantly mingled with the modern elements. At the entrance door a poem of Saadi attracts visitors attention:

The odor of love is smelled from Saadi’s grave

Yet a thousand years after his death

 

in tomb of Saadi there are several aqueducts and water basins in this complex.
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Saadieh Aqueduct

There are several aqueducts and water basins in this complex. Water enters the garden from an aqueduct located at a depth of 10 meters. The water of this aqueduct contains large amounts of sulfur, mercury and other minerals. Saadieh aqueduct flows directly into the fish pond.

 

Fish Pond

To the left of the Saadi tomb, there is the fish pond. This pond is a 30 square meters octagonal structure.
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To the left of the tomb, there is the fish pond. This pond is a 30 square meters octagonal structure. To access this pool, you have to go down 28 steps from the courtyard of the tomb. It is interesting to know that before the construction of Saadieh, it was a custom in Shiraz to bathe in this pond. This was mostly done on the last Wednesday of the year known as “Chahar Shanbeh Suri”.

As another custom, people toss coins in this pond to make their dreams fulfilled. This goes back to a Zoroastrian belief that by throwing a coin into the water, you offer it to Mitra. Today, this place has turned into a traditional teahouse.

 

What are Saadi’s books?

Saadi's masterpiece in verse is Bustan meaning the Orchard. Gulistan meaning the Rose Garden is a combination of prose and verse that contains stories and personal anecdotes. The stories in Gulistan written by Saadi.
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Based on Saadi’s contemporaries, he was skilled in vocabulary, grammar, theology, logic, divine wisdom, and practical wisdom (social science and civil politics). Forty-three years after Saadi’s death, his poems were gathered and sorted in alphabetical order. The works were divided into 12 sections of verses, proses and essays. His best-known works are Bustan and Gulistan.

Saadi’s masterpiece in verse is Bustan meaning the Orchard. It consists of moral and philosophical stories, the ecstatic practices of dervishes, and shows his mastery in social sciences.

Gulistan meaning the Rose Garden is a combination of prose and verse that contains stories and personal anecdotes. The stories in Gulistan demonstrate Saadi’s profound awareness of the absurdity of human existence.

His fame was so great that fifty-five years after his death in China, sailors sang his poems.

 

Saadi Shirazi Poem at the UNO building

English: Sa'di in a Rose garden, from a manuscript of the Gulistan (Rose garden) by Sa'di.There is a poem of Saadi, the great Persian poet of ethics, written at the entrance of the United Nations building. It reads:

بنى آدم اعضای یکدیگرند
که در آفرینش ز یک گوهرند

چو عضوى بدرد آورَد روزگار
دگر عضوها را نمانَد قرار

تو کز محنت دیگران بی غمی
نشاید که نامت نهند آدمی

banī ādam a’zā-ye yekdīgar-and

ke dar āfarīn-aš ze yek gowhar-and

čo ‘ozvī be dard āvarad rūzgār

degar ‘ozvhā-rā na-mānad qarār

to k-az mehnat-ē dīgarān bīqam-ī

na-šāyad ke nām-at nahand ādamī

The translation of the above by Richard Jeffrey Newman:

All men and women are to each other

The limbs of a single body, each of us drawn

From life’s shimmering essence, god’s perfect pearl;

And when this life we share wounds one of us,

All share the hurt as if it were our own.

You, who will not feel another’s pain,

You forfeit the right to be called human.

Read More about Sa'di Shirazi

Don't forget to book a tour to Tomb of Saadi

Know Before You Go

Where is the Tomb of Saadi located?

Saadi’s tomb is located at the foot of a mountain northeast of Shiraz, in Boostan Street and next to Delgosha Garden.

Address: Boostan Boulevard, northeast of Shiraz.

How to get to the Tomb of Saadi?

The best way is to take part in Shiraz City Tour of Leaveabode.

The tomb of Saadi is located in the northern part of Shiraz, Fars province.

By metro: The nearest metro station is Valiasr station, a few kilometers away. From there you can take a bus or taxi to Saadieh.

By bus: The buses of Dastgheib-Narenjestan and Narenjestan-Namazi have a station called Saadieh. It takes a short walk from this station to your destination.

When is Tomb of Saadi open?
Seasons
Hours
Spring and summer from 8:00 to 19:30
Autumn and winter from 8:00 to 19:30

The required time from this monument is 1 to 2 hours.

Holidays for the Tomb of Saadi?
  • 1 April
  • 4 May
  • 14 & 15 May
  • 4 & 5 & 7 June
  • 18 & 19 August
  • 6 & 7 October

The dates may be changeable so get in touch with us for more accurate info. info@leaveabode.com

When is the commemoration day of Saadi?

The first day of May has been registered as Saadi Day by domestic and foreign cultural institutions.

Who built the Tomb of Saadi?

Foroughi designed the tomb in collaboration with Ali Akbar Sadegh, inspired by traditional Iranian architectural elements.

 

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